Topographical anatomy.

Modern medicine is very informative andrequires medical professionals to have immense knowledge of not only fundamental disciplines, but also narrow areas, since they are all very closely related. However, the basic (basic) disciplines still have the greatest importance. Among the most significant subjects of medicine is to provide anatomy, physiology and topographic anatomy. Following are such sciences as pathological anatomy, physiology and others. The listed disciplines are the main ones, since the knowledge obtained during their study is common to all other disciplines and is necessary for understanding the essence of the processes occurring in the body.

Topographical anatomy is a scientific discipline,engaged in the study of the location of tissues, organs and systems of man. Unlike ordinary anatomy, this discipline also studies the topography (arrangement) of organs.

Basic directions for studying:

- topography (location) of organs and tissues of the human body;

- study of the course of nerves and vessels;

- study of the relative positions of organs (neighborhood, diligence).

This scientific discipline is studying variousarea of ​​the human body. So, for example, the topographic anatomy of the neck examines the location of the muscles and fascia of the neck, the course of the vessels and their location relative to other formations. All tissues and organs of the given area are investigated with respect to mutual arrangement.

Why do we need topographic anatomy?

First of all, this scientific discipline andinformation on it is necessary in surgical practice. Knowledge of this section of anatomy allows a specialist to properly represent the location of internal organs and body systems without direct visual observation. Such knowledge helps to analyze and compare the normal and pathological conditions. When carrying out any operation, it is necessary to know the topography of organs, tissues and other body formations. What can we say about operations with minimal access (such as laparoscopy), when visual contact is minimized. It is not so easy to distinguish a particular organ on the screen of the monitor, and it is the ideas about its location that help you navigate in similar situations.

Thus, the topographic anatomy is not onlyallows to represent the relative position and balance of organs and tissues, but also helps in carrying out all possible diagnostic manipulations, therapeutic and preventive manipulations. Knowledge of anatomy and its topographical division allows the doctor to successfully navigate in virtually any direction of medicine.

That is why topographic anatomy is sois closely studied by students of medical universities. Based on the results of the study of this discipline, the state examination of topographic anatomy is conducted.

Is knowledge of this discipline necessary for doctors of other specialties?

Take for example the therapeutic specialty.When a person seeks help from a therapist with complaints of pain in the abdomen, chest or any other parts of the human body. First of all, in order to properly diagnose, it is necessary to represent the location of internal organs and neighboring formations. Understanding and presenting possible pathologies located in the place of localization of organ pains, a competent doctor can always diagnose a clinical picture.

Thus, the topographic anatomy andOperative surgery, as you have already noticed, are links of one chain at the stage of helping the patient. It is knowledge in these disciplines that contribute to literate and qualified medical care for the patient.