Diseases of the thyroid gland in women, symptoms of disease

According to statistics, endocrine pathologynature of "gaining momentum", and in recent years, newly diagnosed diseases were recorded in 52% of women and 17% of men. The main purpose of the thyroid gland is to maintain normal processes in the cells of the body. The hormones it produces take part in all processes.

As can be seen from statistics, more common diseasesthyroid in women. The symptoms of the disease are as numerous as the conditions that lead to its development. Most diseases of the endocrine system share a common cause.

Causes of the disease
Hypoplasia of the thyroid gland in women

  • Lack or excess (to a lesser extent) of iodine in the body.
  • Adverse environmental factors - exposure to toxins and radiation.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Possible detrimental effects of antibodies against the thyroid gland.
  • Autoimmune processes (immune factor, provoking tissue damage).
  • Disorders (dysfunction) of the endocrine and nervous system.
  • Disorders caused by medication or surgery.

Quite often with thyroid disease inIn women, the symptoms at the first stage of the disease go unnoticed due to their similarity with other, less dangerous illnesses. And that the body has undergone a process of hormonal imbalance, a person already knows by obvious (visible) signs when the disease has begun to progress.

Symptoms of the disease

The main, initial symptoms include:

  • Dyspnea.
  • Hoarseness, sore throat and cough.
  • Frequent colds and fluctuating (irregular) temperature.
  • Discomfort when wearing “neck” clothes.
  • Irritability and nervousness.
  • Sweating at any temperature.
  • Disturbances of a rhythm of heartbeat (bradycardia or the accelerated pulse).
  • Respiratory problems.
  • Difficult swallowing, feeling of presence in the throat.
  • Enlargement of lymph nodes.
  • Weight jumps (typical for women).

Dysfunction
thyroid dysfunction in women

Ignoring the initial symptoms is fraught with consequences, since during this time, thyroid dysfunction in women can develop. This is due to a violation of the regulation of physical processes in the cells of the body, when hormones do not cope with their task (regulation).

Due to endocrine disruption in the glandthere is a development of either too much hormones, or insufficient. The reason may be the pathology of the pituitary gland - the endocrine gland located in the brain. In women with thyroid disease in women, the symptoms of the manifestation of her dysfunction are very characteristic:

  • bulging eyes;
  • anxiety and weight loss;
  • sweating and intolerance to heat.

All these symptoms are caused by excessive endocrine activity with the production of an excess amount of hormones, which is characteristic of the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is characterized by a lack of endocrine activity, as a result of which hormone production is insufficient. This leads to:

  • rapid fatigue;
  • weight gain;
  • brittle nails and hair loss;
  • depression and intolerance to cold;
  • decrease in sexual desire.

Endocrine dysfunction is mostly susceptible to middle-aged women.

thyroid disease in women, symptoms

Hypoplasia

Diseases of the thyroid gland in women whose symptoms are described above, as well as a lack of iodine in the body, can cause thyroid hypoplasia to occur in the fetus.

If a child has:

  • physiological jaundice after birth;
  • if the child is weak, lethargy and poor appetite are present;
  • characteristic constipation and hoarse voice;
  • developmental delays, speech defects, and obvious cretinism.

This indicates the effects of congenitaldiseases - hypoplasias. Underdeveloped gland tissues do not cope with their vital function. Hypoplasia of the thyroid gland (in women and men) is characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, when the functions of the gland are significantly reduced.