Plastic anatomy

Plastic anatomy is artistic orrelief is a discipline that studies the features of all external forms of the human body, in dynamics and statics, and also in interaction with the internal and external environment.

Plastic anatomy studiesthe structure of the organs that form the outer forms of the body - the skeleton, the anatomy of the muscles of the man, the joints, the skin, the parts of the face. He studies the movement of the body, the proportions, the center of gravity and balance, the image of the figure.

The application of anatomical knowledge in the creativeThe figure is possible only when studying knowledge about the structure of the human body. In addition, the plastic anatomy studies the connection of a figure based on the skeleton, the location of parts of the body, muscle massifs. All this makes it possible to correctly depict a figure, whether it is at rest or in motion, regardless of whether it is drawn from nature or imagination.

Artistic portrayal of a person duringperforming a variety of movements is quite difficult, because the form is continuously changing. Therefore, study is necessary not only visually or from the outside, but also from the inside. To study the structure, the skeleton, the musculature, the muscular and bone interrelation, and this is to know the plastic anatomy and all its main features.

The learned will give knowledge about what and how to portray. And the artist will not mechanically copy the drawing, but will try to use the model, freely and creatively create the image.

The concept of plastic anatomy is often comparable to the concept of drawing a person's figure and often in art schools anatomical information can be taught in the drawing process.

The most significant objects of study of this discipline are 3 systems of organs - skin, muscles and skeleton.

The skeleton consists of numerous connectedbetween themselves bones, muscles form the basis, help to change the shape of the figure, cutting and relaxing, the skin covers the body. Learning this helps create an ideal image and image.

Plastic anatomy, studying the anatomy of the human muscles, uses the following classification:

  1. In form.
  2. In relation to the joints.
  3. By the number of heads.
  4. In the direction of the fibers.
  5. By location.
  6. On the performed activities.
  7. On the effect on the joints.

The study of individual muscles is one of the main tasks of plastic anatomy. It is important to understand how the individual muscles that cover the joints and bones, in conjunction with other parts of the body form a single volume.

It is in the cognition and binding of all this knowledge among themselves, ie in the ability to build a figure and is the most important goal of studying this discipline.

Plastic anatomy of a person reveals allbeauty of the body, in all its complexity, in the modification and movement of forms. It teaches not only to mechanically mimic convexities and hillocks, but also to represent the form, unraveling the content at the same time.

This science gives an idea of ​​the inner structure of man, while determining its external forms.

During the study of plastic anatomyAttention is focused on the general features of the structure of man, without placing individual differences at the head. In the study of the human body, emphasis is placed on the inner construction, on the movement and balance, the origin of the forms. Plastic anatomy makes it possible to develop the ability to make sketches and sketches on a presentation, without drawing from nature.

The importance of plastic anatomy in strivingmodern artists as accurately as possible reproduce and display the visible forms, observe the dimensions and create the perfect life-like figure. In addition, it completely satisfies the artist's need for knowledge of the structure of the human body and its internal mechanisms, which is necessary when depicting the appearance of a person.