Aleshkin Forest in Moscow: photo, history, interesting places

At the entrance to the Aleshkinsky forest immediately becomesit is clear that everything grows here without human intervention. This is a real forest with a virgin nature. Its territory is really huge. Here you can walk, breathe fresh air, bathe in the river, fry a shish kebab or just admire the picturesque nature. Here a variety of vegetation: blueberries, lilies of the valley, cranberries, birch forests and pine forests. There is a huge number of birds and small forest inhabitants of the animal world. This place is associated with one very old legend, supposedly in this forest there lives a black monk, who appears only to warn that a traveler is in for a huge misfortune. He is considered the keeper of this place. Aleshkinsky forest is an amazing and mysterious natural complex of the Moscow region and it will be discussed in this article.

general characteristics

The forest massif, located on either side of theMKAD, between Kurkino and North Tushino. It is part of the Forest Park in Khimki. The south-western part intersects with the river Bratovka. The forest is divided into two parts - the outer and the inner, which is much larger in area, and has more interesting objects (Big and Small Aleshkinsky marshes, the valley of the river Bratovka, hollow).

Aleshkin Forest

Pine forests predominate in the forest, many birch forests and oak forests. In the north-eastern part of the forest there are two marshes.

Aleshka forest got its name from the village of Aleshkino, which is now located on the territory of the park "Northern Tushino", approximately where Aleshkinsky travel.

The height of the forest above sea level is from 150 to 175 meters. The forest inside seems almost flat. Marshes formed in the natural basins.

The lowest point of the Aleshkinsky forest is 150 meters above sea level - in the place where the river Brotovka leaves it.

Flora and fauna

This is an area dominated by spruce and spruce forests, pine is mixed with it, oak forests and deciduous trees - aspen and birch are found.

Once the spruce forests were destroyed, the territory was used from time to time for arable land, hayfields and pastures.

The modern history of Aleshkinsky forest beginsin the early 20th century, when the territory once again became overgrown with forests (there are very few ancient breeds in this forest). The open areas were overgrown with birches and aspens. In the middle of the 20 th century, rowan was planted here.

Currently, Aleshkinsky forest grows about 30 species of trees and more than 20 species of shrubs, more than 190 species of herbaceous vegetation.

Aleshkin Forest Moscow

Из птиц обитают: трясогузка, соловей, дятлы.From animals there are: an hedgehog, a hare-hare, a forest polecat, a voles, a weasel. It should be noted that all animals of the Aleshkinsky forest are listed in the Red Book of Russia.

Interesting places Aleshkinskogo forest

An interesting and picturesque natural place in the forest.is the deep valley of the river Bratovka. It originated from a hollow, as ten years ago the river did not have its permanent flow within the forest. Now the stream constantly flows through the hollow. In some places the valley has a canyon-like appearance.

Interesting is the hollow itself, which is shaped like a letter V.

There are springs in the forest. One of them, for example, near the Moscow Ring Road.

Here are two swamps.Aleshkinsky swamps are recognized as natural monuments of regional significance, one of the last transitional swamps preserved in Moscow. There are many Red Book plants, several species of sedge.

The most favorite place of visitors is a large glade, which is surrounded on all sides by trees. Here grow bright flowers and grass.

Water feature of the Aleshkinsky forest inMoscow is Lake Spring, which was formed, most likely, by blocking one of the channels of the river Bratovka. The pond is very picturesque and immersed in greenery.

Aleshkinsky forest photo

The forest ends with a picturesque edge, which flows smoothly into the meadow.

Problems

The problems of the forest are the same as the problems of anyThe forest area, which is adjacent to residential areas: damage to grass, fires, garbage, collecting plants, walking dogs, vehicles. Residential areas are adjacent to the Aleshkin forest in two places, and these areas are not very large. In these areas, the forest is very polluted and needs regular cleaning.

Ecological and natural landmark of Moscow

Aleshkinsky forest is a large forest,which is visited by quite a large number of people. It is very popular with residents of nearby areas. In the future, it is planned to conduct ecological excursions here, as there is a rich flora and fauna in the area, many of which are listed in the Red Book of Russia. An ecological path has already been created in the forest.

Кроме того, здесь можно организовывать учебные excursions for schoolchildren, where students can be visually introduced to local types of grass, shrubs and trees. You can organize school trips in the Aleshkinsky forest. Since its area is not very large, such school raids can be carried out in one day. In addition, students can not only get acquainted with the forest sights, but also take part in the cleaning of the territory.

Aleshkinsky forest places of interest

Instead of concluding

Живописный лесной массив, расположенный за outside the capital, is a favorite place for picnics and outdoor recreation among Muscovites and residents of the Moscow region. It stands out for its singularity, as a preserved corner of virgin nature in a huge metropolis.

Aleshkinsky forest is rightfully the pearl of the forest park in Khimki. Just a few centuries ago, the village of Alyoshino was located here, on whose behalf the forest massif got its name.

Photo of Aleshkinsky forest and picnic on its backgroundthere is probably every Muscovite. People who are tired of city fuss come here to sunbathe in nature, breathe fresh air, and of course, to relax in the open air with a group of friends.

Aleshkinsky forest history

Here come and lovers of ghosts and mystics.According to legend, the forest is guarded by a black monk. He wanders among the trees in his black robe and appears only to those who need help or to warn of trouble. They say that when it appears, birds stop singing, dogs bark, and the forest seems to freeze in anticipation ... True or fiction, it's up to everyone to decide for themselves.

Here it is so beautiful, picturesque and mysterious Aleshkinsky forest.