Rostov-on-Don: the population of the city. Population and composition of the population of Rostov-on-Don

The population of Rostov-on-Don ontoday is more than 1 million 100 thousand. He confidently takes the tenth position in the list of cities in Russia by the number of residents. A millionaire was born in 1987, thanks to which Rostov became a millionaire city. Population of Rostov-on-Don is about 25% of the inhabitants of the entire Rostov region.

Rostov on Don population

Composition of population

The national composition of the city has always been inthe focus of the authorities, but the constant mention in local newspapers that the city is multinational, the matter did not clarify. For the first time, residents of the city could learn about their national composition only in 1991 according to the results of the population census, when the information was published.

The population ofRostov-on-Don consists mainly of Russians, of which about 90%. The rest of the city's residents have Ukrainian, Armenian, Jewish, Belarusian, Greek, Georgian, Tatar, Korean, Moldovan, Gypsy, Mordovian, Udmurt, German descent. In total there are about 105 nationalities in Rostov. In this respect, the Scythian nationality, to which 30 residents of the city (according to the results of the last census), responded to the question of nationality.

population Rostov-on-Don

Natural decline

Today, the population of Rostov-on-Don is constantly increasing due to the following factor: there is a significant increase in migration, which exceeds the natural increase.

However, the natural loss of local residents is muchexceeds the natural increase. This fact is associated with high mortality, which extends to a generation who has not reached retirement age, especially this affects the male part of the city's population. Myocardial infarction, strokes, oncological diseases carry a high percentage of deaths.

According to this statistics, a considerableaccidents on the roads and injuries. Also affects the mortality of an unhealthy lifestyle of Rostovites - smoking and alcoholism. Reproduction of the population through natural growth is not ensured because of the low birth rate.

Problems of the population

Why is this happening in the city of Rostov-on-Don?The population is experiencing financial difficulties, why can not afford their own housing, and if there is no housing, then what kind of children can there be? Also, there are not enough preschool institutions in the city, young families do not want to have children at all or want to have no more than one. Therefore, the main reason for not wanting to have at least two children is the difficulty in arranging a child in a kindergarten.

population of Rostov on Don

But lately there has been an increasethe number of kindergartens, so probably one problem will be less. And while Rostov-on-Don, whose population is growing only due to migration inflow, is a city in which mortality prevails over birth rate.

Closer to the night, the city's population decreases sharply

Despite the fact that the city is a millionaire, hereEvery day, residents of the surrounding rural areas, as well as smaller cities, flock to work. Here there are workplaces for Aksaytsev, Novocherkassians, Shakhtintsy, Bataychan. Why is that? The fact that the city of Rostov-on-Don population of nearby neighborhoods attracts more competitive-capable salaries.

population of Rostov on Don

Table of population growth dynamics

The following table indicates the pacepopulation growth in recent years in the city of Rostov-on-Don. The population of 2014 has an increase of 6 thousand people. In 2015, growth is also planned, in particular, at the expense of refugees from Ukraine. The table has rounded values.

20131 million 104 thousand-
20141 million 110 thousand6 thousand
20151 million 115 thousand5 thousand

City districts

Rostov-on-Don is divided into eight districts.Due to this, high-quality service is provided for people and convenient work of the infrastructure is provided. In turn, they are divided into neighborhoods that have unofficial names. New areas are mostly sleeping and continue to be upset. They have everything for a full life of Rostovites: parks, squares, shops, schools, kindergartens. Each yard is equipped with a playground, well equipped for children's games.

Rostov on Don how many people

Interestingly, the Rostovites over timeThere are informal names of districts. If you, say, ask a local resident how to get to the Leninsky district, then they will ask you exactly where you need to go: to the Center, to the New settlement or to Nakhalovka? Many of the names appeared in pre-revolutionary times and reflected the characteristics of the inhabitants of the area.

For example, Nakhalovka and the New Settlement emerged inas a result of self-construction, the city authorities could not do anything about it, except to recognize these villages with the workers living there and introduce them to Rostov. And still in these villages the private sector with cozy courtyards prevails, despite the huge construction in the city. How and what areas of the city of Rostov-on-Don live, how many people are there?


212 thousand inhabitants live in the district.In its north there is a car assembly village, where previously there was a plant of the same name. Here workers built houses and lived there; now their children live. Initially, the summer cottage settlement for the townspeople was thought here, but the families of the workers grew and the young people left to live in the apartments that they were given out of production, and the old people remained at the dachas. Another settlement in this part of the city is Myasnikovan. It also consists of the private sector, mostly Armenians lived here.

В районе шесть высших учебных заведений, десять large industrial enterprises, four sports schools, kindergartens and schools. Voroshilovsky district is central. One-room apartment here can be bought for 2.7 million rubles. The sleeping neighborhood is North, where most of the housing area.


Located along the river, in this area of ​​the cityRostov-on-Don has a population of 103 thousand people. There are two stations - Main and Suburban. When the railway depot and workshops are working people living nearby. The old village is located just to the north and is called the Landowner. The name comes from the house of culture of railway workers named after Lenin. The village is still unsightly, with old houses huddled on the hillside, but nevertheless it is very green and clean.

Two villages, Nizhnegnilovskaya and Verkhnegnilovskaya,located on the right bank, took their name from the village, which was previously located near the city, and then became part of it. This area is considered unpromising, so young people are trying to leave it. One-room apartments cost from 1.9 million rubles.

Rostov on Don population 2014


The second unofficial name is Western, sinceDistrict closes the city from the west. It has 170 thousand inhabitants, divided into micro-districts: ZZHM, Leventsovka, West. Leventsovka - the name of the former village, which turned into a chic sleeping area. There are shops, clinics, gorgeous gardens and parks, as well as schools and kindergartens. Thanks to the latest finds of architects, as well as solar colors, houses have become an example of the complex development of the city. The industry is developed in the area, there is a chemical plant, a dairy plant, a cold storage plant and others. The prices here are as follows: one-room starts from 2.3 million rubles.


This is the old center of Rostov.There are 66 thousand inhabitants and a greater number of administrative buildings of city and regional significance are concentrated, as well as the headquarters of large companies, banks, cafes. Outwardly, all the buildings look very decent.
The main streets are devoid of greenery, heresorely lacking trees. In the summer on hot asphalt impossible to move. Another problem is the condition of the old housing. If you enter the courtyard from the main streets, you can see a big contrast - a bright facade and a shabby rear view of the buildings. The cost of housing in this area is the highest - from 3 million rubles.

October and May Day

October district of the city of Rostov-on-Don,The population in 2014, which amounted to 160 thousand inhabitants, was built in the postwar period and continues to be built up to this day. It is divided into Kamenka, Voenved, Worker town. Here are the majority of medical institutions and scientific and educational (2 universities and 6 research institutes). Apartments for sale at a price of 1.7 million rubles.

May Day with 176 thousand inhabitants includesFrunze, Selmash, Ordzhonikidze and Ordzhonikidze two villages. They grew up after the giant plant Rostselmash started working. Previously, the private sector prevailed here, but new buildings have pressed it. Here is the city airport, as well as the entrance to the city from the side of Moscow. Housing - from 1.8 million rubles.

Rostov on Don population in 2014


Located in the eastern part of the city, in it 122thousands of inhabitants. You can see the names Berberovka and Nakhichevan. In ancient times, Armenians, intellectuals and rich merchants lived here. A contingent of residents of the area formed a worker, as the factory "Red Aksai" built houses for them here. Aleksandrovka is a village, the name was given to it by a small village, today it is a beautiful microdistrict with high-rise buildings. The cost of housing: in Nakhichevan - 1.3 million, in Aleksandrovka - 1.8 million rubles.


It consists of low-rise and worn out buildings.It has 78 thousand inhabitants. The northern part is in the central part of the city, where there are 5 universities, a conservatory, large enterprises, the Palace of Sports. If the guests of the city go down from the center to the river, they will see frankly slum houses located here, which will not be very pleasantly surprised. New buildings here are the highest, the cost of apartments is from 2.5 million rubles, the house costs 1.5 million.